How to Dig a Hole to the Other Side of the World is one of my all time favorite children's science books. The simple story tells the reader the hazards of digging a hole through the Earth, some handy items to have, such as a heat-proof suit, and what may be found in the dig as it progresses.
The Magic School Bus Inside the Earth (Magic School Bus) is another great book to go with this lesson. As the kids journey inside the Earth they learn about rocks, volcanoes and Earth's layers.
Beginning with the birth of a hurricane, the film Earth from Space covers many Earth science topics we plan to revisit throughout our unit study. Off the coast of Antarctica, when the ice freezes, saltwater sinks rapidly to the bottom of the ocean creating currents which help to regulate the Earth's temperature. Hurricanes actually drop the temperature of the ocean by releasing heat into the atmosphere. Everything is connected and the common thread is the Earth.
Just like an egg, our Earth is broken into layers. It is hottest at the core in the center. Liquid magma surrounds the core in the mantle, and although the crust varies in thickness, it is very thin in comparison to the diameter of the Earth.
Here is a cross section of the Earth showing the different layers. This drawing was made by me so the kids could see the relative thickness of each layer. The dark ring around the outside is the crust. The red and orange show the mantle changes a bit with depth, and the yellow and white in the center are the inner and outer core.
More of our hands-on science activities are available on our Science Page.
This post is linked to:
Tried it Tuesday
* I did not receive any compensation for this recommendation. I'm just a homeschooling mom who has found many products that I like. If you're interested in the products I recommend on this blog I want to make it easy for you to find them.
** I am an Amazon associate and receive a small portion of the sales on orders made after clicking in from this site, which I promptly spend on homeschooling books and supplies for my children.