Our DNA contains all the instructions for creating us. Just like a cookbook contains directions for many different dishes, our DNA contains directions for all of our parts. It contains instructions for creating skin, hair, heart, kidney and other kinds of cells. From hair color, to ear shape, to whether or not we will have pointy toes; the directions are included in our DNA.
DNA is made up of building blocks called genes. Each gene contains a sugar and a phosphate as well as one of four types of base molecules; adenine, guanine, cytosine and thymine.
We are continuing to follow chapter 1 in The Way We Work by David Macaulay to learn about cells.
The base color for the second pipe cleaner was determined by the bases which were attached to the first backbone. Adenine must pair up with thymine and guanine must pair up with cytosine.
They laid out the required beads and sewed them on to the second pipe cleaner. Then they sewed them together to complete their short DNA strands.