Sunday, October 14, 2012

Ephesus, Turkey

Ephesus, Turkey is located in the Asian portion of Turkey. It was an ancient Greek city that was later taken over by the Romans. During the 1st century AD the city was one of the largest in the Roman Empire and very prosperous. In ancient times it was located on the Cayster River which provided port access to the Agean Sea. However, over the course of time the river changed course, just as did the river near the ancient site of Ostica Antica in Italy. Then the harbor silted up and the town was virtually abandoned. This, among with other historical events let to the downfall of Ephesus.
Varius Baths was a bath house. These were somewhat like large indoor swimming pool recreation centers. They had locker rooms, eating areas and different temperature pools.

This is the smaller of the two amphitheatres at Ephesus. Both theatrical performances as well as gladiator fights took place in the city. The remains of a large gladiator cemetery was unearthed in 2007.

These are the remains of the housing blocks. The rest remains buried beneath the hill. Only about 15% of the city has been excavated.

This is the view looking down the main street in Ephesus. It was similar in width to our streets and about 1 km long.
The Library of Celsus was built in 135 AD to house 12,000 scrolls and be the burial place of the Roman Senator Tiberius Julius Celsus Polemaeanus.

The marble tiles of the main street were very slippery especially when wet. Therefore, small holes were put in the tiles to increase traction.

The Trajan Fountain was built in honor of the Emperor Trajan around the year 102 AD. The remains of the huge statue of Trajan with the spherical globe remain. This monument made an impact on me because it depicts the world in the shape of a sphere, making it clear that the ancient Greeks knew the world was round.

This is the remains of the market place.

During our visit we were lucky enough to spot some Romans.

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  1. Ooohhhh, I'm pinning this to show my Sunday School class when we study the book of Acts.

  2. I love places like this reminds me of when we visited Greece:)


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